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All You Should Know About Dog Flu

on March 25, 2021

What is Dog Flu?

You have heard that flu outbreaks endanger humans, but dogs can also be victims of flu. Our canine friends will get “canine flu”. The flu not only causes them discomfort, but it can also be very dangerous.

This is not a new disease. Scientists have discovered one of the influenza viruses more than 40 years ago, called the H3N5 virus. At that time, the virus only attacked horses. But in 2004, a group of Greyhounds in Florida had the flu. Now this virus can easily spread between dogs. There is even a new type of virus called H3N2.

If you understand the symptoms of canine flu, you can help the dog correctly, or you can directly help the TA to prevent it.

Symptoms of dog flu

Sometimes, you may not find that the dog has the virus. Because more than 20% of dogs with flu have no signs.

Just like the symptoms that occur when humans get the flu, you can find that dogs infected with the flu have the following symptoms:

  • Sneezing, runny nose and coughing.
  • Fatigue, loss of appetite
  • Some dogs may even have a high fever.

The initial manifestation of dog flu infection is a continuous cough, which can last up to three weeks, and is accompanied by yellow nasal discharge. More serious dog flu symptoms are: high fever, rapid breathing rate, and other symptoms similar to pneumonia.

Most dogs infected with the virus can survive. But be aware that canine flu is more serious than ordinary respiratory infections.

In some cases, this type of flu can turn into pneumonia. At that time, the condition of the disease will be more critical. Once puppies and old dogs are infected, their condition will become more serious.

Dogs of all ages and sizes have the same chance of getting sick. But dogs with flat faces like pugs and French bulldogs suffer more when fighting the flu, because according to the anatomy of the respiratory tract, any respiratory disease will cause greater harm to them.

How is canine flu spread?

Canine influenza virus can be transmitted to uninfected dogs through aerosolized respiratory secretions (sputum and saliva) of infected dogs;

It can also be spread to other dogs by moving contaminated objects (clothes, toys, air) between infected and uninfected dogs.

Therefore, if the dog has a cough or other signs of respiratory disease, the owner should not allow other dogs to touch his dog, and at the same time, the dog’s clothes, objects, equipment, etc. should be cleaned and disinfected. Of course, it is not ruled out that some dogs may not show obvious symptoms at the beginning, so it may be difficult to take preventive measures.

This canine flu does spread in places where there are more dogs, such as pet boarding places, or places where dogs meet.

How to treat dogs suffering from canine flu?

If the dog is infected and there is no specific antiviral drug, it is usually recommended to supplement the dog nutritionally, and at the same time give it a comfortable and stress-free environment. The treatment mainly adopts supportive care, which helps the dog to produce immune response.

Approximately 80% of dogs with flu may have a milder form of the disease, which is characterized by cough, nasal discharge, and fever, which will subside over time or with appropriate treatment. In milder cases, this care may include the use of medications that make the dog feel more comfortable, while ensuring that the dog stays well hydrated. The goal is to support the dog’s own immune system to function and fight the virus.

Specifically, you can refer to the following three suggestions:

1. do a good job of cold and warm

After discovering that a dog is suffering from canine flu, pet owners must first protect the dog from the cold. In this regard, if the weather is hot, pet owners should adjust the room temperature appropriately and try to keep their dogs in warm and ventilated rooms.

If the weather is cold, pet owners can choose to put on warm clothes for the dog, or put a blanket or hot water bottle where the dog often rests. In addition, during the dog flu period, pet owners should not bathe or vaccinate him, otherwise it is easy to aggravate the condition due to decreased immunity.

2. Strengthen nutritional supply

As there is no specific antiviral drug for canine flu, pet owners are generally advised to supplement their dogs with nutrition to improve their immunity and resistance.

In this regard, if the dog’s condition is mild, pet owners can choose to feed the dog with pet nutritional supplements to help the dog strengthen its nutritional supply, so that it has enough physical strength and nutrition to fight the canine flu.

3. Check body temperature regularly

During dog flu, dogs are more prone to fever, or even fever. Therefore, pet owners should pay attention to regularly use pet thermometers or mercury thermometers to measure the dog’s body temperature. Once the dog’s body temperature continues to rise, it may even exceed 39.5°C, You should immediately take the veterinary hospital for antipyretic injections, or feed antipyretic drugs under the guidance of the veterinarian. Avoid blind care at home to avoid missing treatment opportunities.

How to Prevent Dog Flu

  1. First, determine if there is a dog flu outbreak in your area. If such cases occur, stop the dog from traveling to reduce the chance of infection. If you have been in contact with a dog that is suspected of being infected, you must wash your hands. This will reduce the risk of infection.
  2. Secondly, pay attention to the behavior of the dog. If the behavior is abnormal, there is usually a problem.
  3. Ensure that the dog’s body is clean and maintain its health. Only a healthy body can better resist the entry of viruses.

To keep warm, do not put animals in the external environment such as balcony, because spring bacteria will multiply, especially influenza virus, once the animal’s immunity is reduced, it will be easy to be infected. You can eat some protein powder, nutrient solution, etc. to improve the immunity of animals.

 Precautions 

It is necessary to pay more attention to the warm protection of young animals with impaired immunity, because they are young and have weak resistance, and there is no resistance to external viruses if they are not vaccinated. It is easy to cause respiratory diseases or infections with viruses. If animals have If there is an abnormality, take it to the hospital in time, and do not delay the treatment of the disease with fluke.

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